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Sage ~ Salvia officinalis Plant Care Guide


Sage ~ Salvia o. Plant Care Guide

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Botanical name: Salvia officinalis

Plant type: Herb

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Sandy, Loamy

Sage is a hardy perennial with soft, grayish green leaves. Its flower colors vary; they can be purple, pink, blue, or white. Common sage is used most commonly for cooking; it’s a classic in stuffing.


Planting

  • Sage can grow from seeds, but the best way to grow high-quality sage is from cuttings from an established plant.
  • You can start the seeds/cuttings indoors 6 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost.
  • Plant the seeds/cuttings in well-drained soil 1 to 2 weeks before the last spring frost.
  • Plant the seeds/cuttings 24 to 30 inches apart. For best growth, the soil should be between 60º and 70ºF. Plants should grow to be between 12 and 30 inches in height.
  • In the garden, plant near rosemary, cabbage, and carrots, but keep sage away from cucumbers.


Care

  • Be sure to water the young plants regularly until they are fully grown so that they don’t dry out.
  • Prune the heavier, woody stems every spring.
  • It’s best to replace the plants every 4 to 5 years to ensure the best quality.


Pests


Harvest/Storage

  • During the first year, harvest lightly to ensure that the plant grows fully.
  • After the first year. be sure to leave a few stalks so that the plant can rejuvenate. If fully established, one plant can be harvested up to three times in one season.
  • Sage’s flavor is best when fresh, but it can be stored frozen or dried. To dry, leave the branches in the sun; once dried, remove the leaves and store them in an airtight container.


Recommended Varieties

  • Tricolor sage, for a bit of color in the garden (yellow, mauve, and sage green)

Recipes


Wit & Wisdom

Anyone who has sage planted in their garden is reputed to do well in business.

*******

Named cultivars include:

  • ‘Alba’, a white-flowered cultivar
  • ‘Aurea’, golden sage
  • ‘Berggarten’, a cultivar with large leaves, which rarely blooms, extending the useful life of the leaves
  • ‘Extrakta’, has leaves with higher oil concentrations
  • ‘Icterina’, a cultivar with yellow-green variegated leaves
  • ‘Lavandulaefolia’, a small leaved cultivar
  • ‘Purpurascens’ (‘Purpurea’), a purple-leafed cultivar
  • ‘Tricolor’, a cultivar with white, yellow and green variegated leaves

‘Icterinaand ‘Purpurascens have gained the Royal Horticultural Society‘s Award of Garden Merit.

 

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2 responses

  1. Pingback: Common Sage | Find Me A Cure

  2. Pingback: Plant Seeds, Bulbs & seedlings for Sale » How to Grow Sage

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