Noni Fruit Plant Care Guide ~ Morinda citrifolia
Morinda citrifolia is a tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends through Southeast Asia and Australasia, and the species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalised.
English common names include great morinda, Indian mulberry, noni, beach mulberry, and cheese fruit.
1. Harvest ripe noni fruits from trees that have desirable characteristics. Noni fruits become translucent when they are fully ripe. Press the fruit against a colander with holes smaller than the seeds to remove the pulps from the seeds. Rinse the seeds and place them in a glass of water. Healthy noni seeds float in water.
2. Clip the tip of the noni seeds with a small pair of sharp scissors to reduce the germination time of the seeds to between 20 and 120 days. Whole noni seeds may require up to a year to germinate.
3. Fill a seed tray with a mixture of one part peat and one part perlite. The soil pH may range from slightly acid to slightly alkaline. Sow the noni seeds in the seed tray and cover them with about 1/4 inch of soil. Place the seed tray in 20- to 30-percent shade at a temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit.
4. Keep the noni seedlings moist with a sprayer until they grow four leaves, then transplant them to individual pots. Place the seedlings in partial shade for one to two months before moving them into full sun.
5. Transplant the noni seedlings to their permanent location outside when they have 8 to 10 inches of woody stem, which may require six months from germination. Apply 8-8-8 fertilizer once a year according to the manufacturer’s instruction. Noni trees require about three years to bear quality fruit.
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