Fleabane ~ Erigeron Plant Care Guide ~ Varieties
Erigeron (//; syn. Stenactis Cass.) is a genus of about 390 species of daisy-like flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, sometimes confused with other closely related genera, Aster and the true daisy Bellis. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution in dry, mountainous areas and grassland, with the highest diversity in North America, where 173 species occur.
Erigeron are hardy or half hardy perennials that are native to Northern America.
Depending on the species of Erigeron they may flower from the start of summer through to the beginning of autumn.
They bear daisy like flowers of many colours, including orange, pink, white, purple and yellow.
They grow in height from 10 to 90 cm making them great to use as edging plants or in the border. A common name of Erigeron is Fleabane.
Erigeron linearis by Matt Lavin.
Quick Erigeron Growing Guide and Facts
Common Names: Fleabane
Life Cycle: Hardy perennial. Half hardy perennial. Biennial. Annual.
Height: 4 to 36 inches (10 to 90 cm).
Native: Northern America.
Growing Region: Zones 2 to 9.
Flowers: Summer and/or early autumn.
Flower Details: White, purple, pink, lavender, yellow, orange. Daisy-like ray and disc florets. Narrow petals.
Foliage: Herbaceous. Narrow. Thread-like. Oblanceolate. Oval. Hairy. Green.
Sow Outside: Surface. Start of spring or autumn. Spacing 9 to 18 inches (23 to 45 cm).
Sow Inside: Germination time: two weeks to two months. Temperature: 55°F (13°C). Nine or ten weeks in advance. Transplant outdoors before the last frost or in the first month of autumn.
Requirements and care: Full sunlight or slight shade. Good drainage. Ordinary soil. Occasional light feed. Deadhead. Stems should be cut back to the ground in autumn. Divide every three years to maintain vigour. Propagate: by dividing in the spring in cooler areas or the beginning of autumn elsewhere.
Miscellaneous: May be weedy and invasive. Many species of moths and butterflies feed exclusively on Erigeron.
How to grow Fleabane (Erigeron)
It is best to sow Fleabane seeds on the surface in either early spring or early autumn. they like to grow in a sunny or partially shaded area of the garden that has good drainage. If you prefer you can start growing Fleabane indoors then they should be prepared about 8 weeks before they are due to be put out at the beginning of spring before the last frost, or at the beginning of autumn.
Caring for Erigeron plants in the garden
Erigeron species such as Fleabane are quite easy to maintain; they should be deadheaded once flowering has occurred and cut back to ground level in the autumn. They will require a light feed, and should be divided every three years to maintain vigorous growth. If you require more plants then they can be divided in the spring or autumn.
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