Rosemary Plant Care Guide
Botanical name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Plant type: Herb
Sun exposure: Full Sun
Rosemary is a perennial evergreen shrub with blue flowers. It is a pungent and distinctive plant with a sweet, resinous flavor. Rosemary is ideal for a rock garden or the top of a dry wall. It is used for poultry, lamb, stews, and soups.
- For a head start, plant the seeds or cuttings indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost.
- Plant the seeds/cuttings in well-drained soil. For best growth, the soil should be around 70ºF.
- Be sure to give your plants enough room to grow. Rosemary grows to about 4 feet tall and spreads about 4 feet as well.
- In the garden, plant near beans, cabbage, carrots, and sage.
- After the plant flowers, remember to trim the plant.
- For fresh rosemary in the winter, grow the plant indoors in a pot. Be sure to put it in bright light and cool temperatures.
- Prune regularly so that the plant won’t get lanky.
- Water the plants evenly throughout the growing season.
- Be sure to get cuttings or divide the plant for next season.
- Aerial blight
- Bacterial leaf spots
- Several types of root rot
- Prune the stems to use fresh. During the winter, bring a rosemary plant indoors.
- You can dry the leaves as well and store in an airtight container.
Wit & Wisdom
Drink rosemary tea to enhance your memory.
Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use. The following are frequently sold:
- ‘Albus’ – white flowers
- ‘Arp’ – leaves light green, lemon-scented
- ‘Aureus’ – leaves speckled yellow
- ‘Benenden Blue’ – leaves narrow, dark green
- ‘Blue Boy’ – dwarf, small leaves
- ‘Golden Rain’ – leaves green, with yellow streaks
- ‘Gold Dust’ -dark green leaves, with golden streaks but stronger than ‘Golden Rain’
- ‘Irene’ – low and lax, trailing, intense blue flowers
- ‘Lockwood de Forest’ – procumbent selection from ‘Tuscan Blue’
- ‘Ken Taylor’ – shrubby
- ‘Majorica Pink’ – pink flowers
- ‘Miss Jessop’s Upright’ – distinctive tall fastigiate form, with wider leaves.
- ‘Pinkie’ – pink flowers
- ‘Prostratus’ – lower groundcover
- ‘Pyramidalis’ (or ‘Erectus’) – fastigate form, pale blue flowers
- ‘Remembrance’ (or ‘Gallipoli’) – taken from the Gallipoli Peninsula
- ‘Roseus’ – pink flowers
- ‘Salem’ – pale blue flowers, cold hardy similar to ‘Arp’
- ‘Severn Sea’ – spreading, low-growing, with arching branches, flowers deep violet
- ‘Tuscan Blue’ – traditional robust upright form
- ‘Wilma’s Gold’ – yellow leaves
The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society‘s Award of Garden Merit:-
- ‘Miss Jessop’s upright
- ‘Severn Sea
- ‘Sissinghurst blue
- ‘Benenden blue